How to install FFmpeg and ffmpeg-php on CentOS Easily

FFmpeg is an amazing collection of open-source tools that can record and stream video and audio. However, it can also transcode video and audio (convert the files to different formats), and that is what has me so excited. There’s also a great PHP package called ffmpeg-phpthat allows for easy use of FFmpeg from inside PHP scripts. Today, I’m going to see if I can’t help you get both of these set up on your system.

Admittedly, it’s been a while since I’ve tried to install FFmpeg, about two years. I recently thought up some ideas on how I’d like to use FFmpeg, so I thought it was time to give it a try yet again. Today, I’m proud to say that installing FFmpeg is so much easier to install compared to the past, that I dare say it’s simple.

Here is my experience with installing FFmpeg on my server and how to fix the pitfalls that I encountered.

Preface

Note that I did all the following steps on a CentOS server. The specific version is CentOS x64 6.7.

These instructions can work for other distros with little or no modifications, but some distros will be completely different. For example, theDAG RPM Repository that I’m using (more info below) has support for the following distros: Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Fedora Core, Yellow Dog Linux, Aurora Linux, CentOS, Scientific Linux (they really need to get a verified SSL cert), TaoLinux, WhiteBox Linux, Lineox, andBLAG. Other distros will need to use a different repository.

If you successfully get FFmpeg running on another distro, please comment your changes here and I’ll update the post (and make sure you get credit of course).

Also note that I experienced some bumps in the road while installing everything. While many of you may not experience these issues, I found it important to document these problems and how I fixed them in case you encounter them.

Preparing

The first thing that you need to do is set up the DAG repository. This repository is an actively-maintained repository that provides a staggering number of packages with current or near current builds. Adding this repository is a great way to run the latest offerings of many packages.

Adding the DAG repository is simple. I’m using yum, so I did the following to add the repository:

  1. Create and open a new file called /etc/yum.repos.d/dag.repo. I ran “vi /etc/yum.repos.d/dag.repo“.
  2. Add the following text to the file:
    [dag]
    name=DAG RPM Repository
    baseurl=http://apt.sw.be/redhat/el$releasever/en/$basearch/dag
    gpgcheck=1
    enabled=1
  3. Finally, save and close the file.

In order to successfully use the DAG repository with tools such as yum, you need to add DAG’s GPG key. Failure to do so will result in an error like the following:

warning: rpmts_HdrFromFdno: Header V3 DSA signature: NOKEY, key ID 6b8d79e6
Public key for faac.x86_64.1.26-1.el5.rf.rpm is not installed

In order to add the GPG key for DAG, run the following:

rpm --import http://apt.sw.be/RPM-GPG-KEY.dag.txt

The DAG: Frequently Asked Questions page has additional instructions on how to get the repository loaded and working on your distro.

Now that DAG is setup, it’s a good idea to update all your packages.

yum update

Depending on the packages you currently have installed, this could potentially upgrade, install, or replace numerous packages that may or may not be very important to you. Make sure you carefully look through that list and do any necessary preparations before telling yum that it can go ahead.

For example, yum told me that it was going to replace my current MySQL interface library for Perl with a new one. I added to my check list a note to verify that my Perl code functioned correctly after the install.

I ran into another hitch when I told yum to go ahead with the update. It informed me that my current version of Subversion conflicted with the new version it wanted to install. When this happens, you need to remove the old package before proceeding. This time, I made backups of all of my repositories and my /etc/sysconfig/svnserve file before proceeding just in case. I then removed Subversion “yum remove subversion“, ran the update process “yum update“, and installed Subversion again “yum install subversion“.

Installing – FFmpeg

Now you are ready to install FFmpeg with yum. I wanted to install all the available FFmpeg packages, so I first asked yum what was available.

yum search ffmpeg

Searching through the results, I found that three packages need to be installed: ffmpeg, ffmpeg-devel, and ffmpeg-libpostproc.

yum install ffmpeg ffmpeg-devel ffmpeg-libpostproc

Note: If you install ffmpeg-libpostproc, the entire FFmpeg software library changes from the LGPL license to the GPL license.

After a couple of minutes, the packages and the packages that they depend on were installed.

I simply ran “ffmpeg” from the command line, and I took the lack of threatening error or warning messages as a good sign that things were working.

Preparing for ffmpeg-php

I often work with programs through command line calls in code, but I wanted something more robust this time, so I looked around and foundffmpeg-php. Based on the API, it looks to be a great tool to interface PHP and FFmpeg.

There are four things that are required to successfully install and run ffmpeg-php; they are:

  • ffmpeg-0.4.9_pre1 or higher
  • php-4.3.0 or higher
  • gd-2.0 or higher
  • php-devel

PHP and FFmpeg should be good to go since at the time of this writing, DAG has PHP version 5.1.6 and FFmpeg version 0.4.9. GD and php-devel can be easily installed by running the following yum command:

yum install php-gd php-devel

In case you are wondering what php-devel is for, it installs the phpize program which is used to install ffmpeg-php.

Installing ffmpeg-php

Now we are ready to install ffmpeg-php. This can be done in six easy steps:

  1. Download the latest ffmpeg-php release
  2. Extract the archive:
    tar -xjf ffmpeg-php-X.x.x.tbz2
  3. cd ffmpeg-php-X.x.x/
  4. phpize
  5. ./configure && make
  6. sudo make install

Finishing Thoughts

This may seem like a lot of work when I earlier described this process as “simple,” but trust me that this is a thousand times easier than when I first tried installing FFmpeg. I think I spent three hours working on installing FFmpeg just to find out that it didn’t work the first time I tried.

Time and time again, package management has proven to be an extremely powerful tool. While I know the value of manually configuring and compiling code, the ease of simply using a package manager can reduce the time needed to install and manage software from hours or days to minutes.

I’m glad to see that FFmpeg has benefited from the use of these package managers and great repositories like the DAG RPM Repository.

How to install MP4Box on CentOS

MP4Box is a MP4 multiplexer. So let see How TO Install MP4Box on CentOS.  MP4Box can import MPEG-4 video, DivX, XviD, 3ivx, h264 etc, audio streams and subtitles into the .mp4 container. The end result is a compliant MP4 stream. It can also extract streams from a .mp4. MP4Box is a command line tool, but can be used with graphical user interfaces such as YAMB or my MP4box GUI.

1) Install some dependencies packages with yum command

 yum -y install freetype-devel SDL-devel freeglut-devel

2) Download and install gpac

cd /usr/local/src/
wget http://mirror.ffmpeginstaller.com/source/gpac/gpac-0.5.0.tar.gz
wget http://mirror.ffmpeginstaller.com/source/gpac/gpac_extra_libs-0.5.0.zip

3) Extract gpac tar files

tar -zxvf gpac-0.5.0.tar.gz
unzip gpac_extra_libs-0.5.0.zip

4) Install gpac

cd extra_libs
cp -r * /usr/local/src/gpac/extra_lib
cd ..
cd gpac
chmod 755 configure
./configure
make lib
make apps
make install lib
make install
cp bin/gcc/libgpac.so /usr/lib 
install -m644 bin/gcc/libgpac.so /usr/local/lib/libgpac.so
chmod +x /usr/local/lib/libgpac.so
ldconfig

And it’s done.

[root@server ~]# which MP4Box
/usr/local/bin/MP4Box
[root@server ~]# /usr/local/bin/MP4Box -version
MP4Box - GPAC version 0.5.0-rev4065
GPAC Copyright: (c) Jean Le Feuvre 2000-2005
 (c) ENST 2005-200X
GPAC Configuration:
Features: GPAC_HAS_SSL GPAC_HAS_JPEG GPAC_HAS_PNG

How to install ffmpeg, ffmpeg-php on CentOS 6/7 (Cpanel Server)

FFmpeg

For EL6:

rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/i386/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm
rpm -Uvh http://li.nux.ro/download/nux/dextop/el6/x86_64/nux-dextop-release-0-2.el6.nux.noarch.rpm

Install FFMpeg from ATRPMS Repository:

yum -y install ffmpeg ffmpeg-devel

How to check if FFMPEG is working?

Verify the ffmpeg version:

ffmpeg -version
[root@centos:~]ffmpeg -version
ffmpeg version 2.2.1
built on Apr 13 2014 13:00:18 with gcc 4.4.6 (GCC) 20120305 (Red Hat 4.4.6-4)
configuration: --prefix=/usr --libdir=/usr/lib64 --shlibdir=/usr/lib64 --mandir=/usr/share/man --enable-shared --enable-runtime-cpudetect --enable-gpl --enable-version3 --enable-postproc --enable-avfilter --enable-pthreads --enable-x11grab --enable-vdpau --disable-avisynth --enable-frei0r --enable-libopencv --enable-libdc1394 --enable-libgsm --enable-libmp3lame --enable-libnut --enable-libopencore-amrnb --enable-libopencore-amrwb --enable-libopenjpeg --enable-librtmp --enable-libspeex --enable-libtheora --enable-libvorbis --enable-libvpx --enable-libx264 --enable-libxavs --enable-libxvid --extra-cflags='-O2 -g -pipe -Wall -Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fexceptions -fstack-protector --param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -m64 -mtune=generic -fPIC' --disable-stripping
libavutil      52. 66.100 / 52. 66.100
libavcodec     55. 52.102 / 55. 52.102
libavformat    55. 33.100 / 55. 33.100
libavdevice    55. 10.100 / 55. 10.100
libavfilter     4.  2.100 /  4.  2.100
libswscale      2.  5.102 /  2.  5.102
libswresample   0. 18.100 /  0. 18.100
libpostproc    52.  3.100 / 52.  3.100

Check the supported formats:

ffmpeg -formats

Test converting videos. Here’s an example from mp4 to h264:

cd /usr/local/src
wget https://archive.org/download/WoodstockFestivalTrailer/Woodstock_Festival_Trailer.avi
ffmpeg -i Woodstock_Festival_Trailer.avi -vcodec libx264 Woodstock_Festival_Trailer-H264.avi

After done, you should see the new H264 file:

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 20M May 4 2006 Woodstock_Festival_Trailer.avi
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 15M Jan 30 10:01 Woodstock_Festival_Trailer-H264.avi

How can I work with ffmpeg using PHP?

Simple.  Just install php-ffmpeg extension. First, install REMI repo in order to get your php-ffmpeg package as below:

Let’s download the RPM file for CentOS 5.x and CentOS 6.x:

EPEL repo for  Centos 5.x

wget http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/5/x86_64/epel-release-5-4.noarch.rpm
rpm -Uvh epel-release-5*.rpm

EPEL repo for Centos 6.x

wget http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm
rpm -Uvh  epel-release-6*.rpm

EPEL repo for Centos 7.x

wget http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/beta/7/x86_64/epel-release-7-0.2.noarch.rpm
rpm -Uvh  epel-release-6*.rpm

That command will install the EPEL repo inside your /etc/yum.repos.d directory.

then

Manually, install FFmpeg-Php
        cd /usr/local/src
        wget http://sourceforge.net/projects/ffmpeg-php/files/ffmpeg-php/0.6.0/ffmpeg-php-0.6.0.tbz2
        tar jxvf ffmpeg-php-0.6.0.tbz2
        cd ffmpeg-php-0.6.0
        phpize
        ./configure
        make
If you get (error make: *** [ffmpeg_frame.lo] Error 1) do this commands.
sed -i 's/PIX_FMT_RGBA32/PIX_FMT_RGB32/g' ffmpeg_frame.c
 OR
 vi ffmpeg_frame.c
 :%s/PIX_FMT_RGBA32/PIX_FMT_RGB32
:wq
Then rerun "./configure && make" and if all went fine make install make install If no error skil to step 5. Step 5. Now adding to php.ini echo 'extension=ffmpeg.so' >> /usr/local/lib/php.ini Step 6. Now test php with ffmpeg php -r 'phpinfo();' | grep ffmpeg

-i | grep ffmpeg -i

/etc/php.d/ffmpeg.ini,
ffmpeg
ffmpeg-php version => 0.7.0
ffmpeg-php built on => Jan  1 2013 09:50:55
ffmpeg-php gd support  => enabled
ffmpeg libavcodec version => Lavc53.61.100
ffmpeg libavcodec license => GPL version 3 or later
ffmpeg libavformat version => Lavf53.32.100
ffmpeg libavformat license => GPL version 3 or later
ffmpeg swscaler version => SwS2.1.100
ffmpeg swscaler license => GPL version 3 or later

When you run command ./configure if you get error: configure: error: ffmpeg headers not found. Make sure ffmpeg is compiled as shared libraries using the –enable-shared option. Check some library with command:

rpm -ql ffmpeg-devel

In On CentOS 6/7 with nux-dextop installed ffmpeg-devel

locate avio.h avformat.h avcodec.h
/usr/include/ffmpeg/libavcodec/avcodec.h
/usr/include/ffmpeg/libavfilter/avcodec.h
/usr/include/ffmpeg/libavformat/avformat.h
/usr/include/ffmpeg/libavformat/avio.h
/usr/share/doc/ffmpeg/libavcodec.html
/usr/share/doc/ffmpeg/libavformat.html

Now  do command:

[root@centos ffmpeg-php-0.6.0]# strace -f -o /ffmpeg-strace ./configure --with-php-config=/usr/bin/php-config --with-ffmpeg=/usr --includedir=/usr/include/ffmpeg

Then:

cat /ffmpeg-strace | egrep 'avio.h|avformat.h|avcodec.h'

Looks like ffmpeg-devel installed headers at

  • /usr/include/ffmpeg/libavcodec/avcodec.h
  • /usr/include/ffmpeg/libavfilter/avcodec.h
  • /usr/include/ffmpeg/libavformat/libavformat.h
  • /usr/include/ffmpeg/libavformat/avio.h

Problem is specific to avcodec.h, avformat.h, avio.h and swscale.h – so what about symlinking them

ln -s /usr/include/ffmpeg/libavcodec/avcodec.h /usr/include/ffmpeg/avcodec.h
ln -s /usr/include/ffmpeg/libavformat/libavformat.h /usr/include/ffmpeg/libavformat.h
ln -s /usr/include/ffmpeg/libavformat/libavformat.h /usr/include/ffmpeg/libavformat.h
ln -s /usr/include/ffmpeg/libswscale/swscale.h /usr/include/ffmpeg/swscale.h

Then configure and make again:

./configure && make

WHM/CPANEL: Setting up ImageMagick on a dedicated server

ImageMagick logo

The following assumed you have root access to your cpanel server.  ImageMagick is one of the most requested add-ons that allows for image manupulation.  Always try to use GD first, if it is available, as it can be compiled from easyapache instead directly.

CHECK IF ITS INSTALLED FIRST:

from root ssh
/scripts/checkimagemagick

INSTALLATION
/scripts/installimagemagick
Installation will take a couple minutes as it will install other packages needed by ImageMagick. After the installation, check that it is installed again and it should state the version.
/usr/bin/convert --version

It will give you something like:
Version: ImageMagick 6.4.8, etc


Imagick
Go to WHM -> Software -> Module Installers -> PHP Pecl (manage). On the box below “Install a PHP Pecl” enter “imagick” and click “Install Now” button – that’s all.  Restart Apache.

Uninstall:

If you decide to uninstall it’s as easy as the installation process:
ImageMagick: /scripts/cleanimagemagick
Imagick: WHM -> Software -> Module Installers -> PHP Pecl (manage). Click on Uninstall button for Imagick

CHECKING WHERE ImageMagick is located:
from ssh use
whereis convert
should give you the directory

How to Install FFMPEG Auto Installer on CentOS

Opensource ffmpeg installer

ffmpeginstaller is a free software completely written in bash shell script. The purpose of this script is to build a video streaming platform in your Gnu/Linux server. So you can start video streaming websites and avoid the cost of installations. This script not only install ffmpeg but also all its friends packages. You can chose this script for building platform for most of the youtube clone software like clip-shre, sharemixer,shareigniter,etc,.

Project Home Page :  http://ffmpeginstaller.com

What packages ffmpeginstaller install in your server?

Please see the complete list of packages below.

  • FFmpeg : FFmpeg is a complete, cross-platform solution to record, convert and stream audio and video
  • MPlayer And Mencoder : MPlayer is a movie player.It plays most MPEG/VOB, AVI, Ogg/OGM, VIVO, ASF/WMA/WMV, QT/MOV/MP4, RealMedia, Matroska, NUT, NuppelVideo, FLI, YUV4MPEG, FILM, RoQ, PVA files, supported by many native, XAnim, and Win32 DLL codecs.
  • A52decoder : Are you a hosting company and you like to sell PCI DSS compliance servers to your clients with support ? If so this is your plan
  • Amrnb and Amrwb : The Adaptive Multi-Rate (AMR) audio codec is a patented audio data compression scheme optimized for speech coding
  • Latest Codecs : Install latest codecs libs
  • Faad2 : FAAD2 is an open source MPEG-4 and MPEG-2 AAC decoder
  • FAAC : FAAC is an MPEG-4 and MPEG-2 AAC encoder.
  • Flvtool2 : FLVTool2 is a manipulation tool for Macromedia Flash Video files (FLV )
  • Lame MP3 Encoder : LAME is a high quality MPEG Audio Layer III (MP3) encoder
  • Liba52 : liba52 is a free library for decoding ATSC A/52 streams
  • Libogg : Ogg Lib collections
  • OpencoreAMR : Library of OpenCORE Framework implementation of Adaptive Multi Rate Narrowband and Wideband speech codec
  • Theora : Theora is a free and open video compression format
  • Vorbis tools : Vorbis is a completely open, patent-free, professional audio encoding and streaming technology with all the benefits of Open Source
  • Libwmf : libwmf is a library for reading vector images in Microsøft’s native Windøws Metafile Format (WMF)
  • MP4Box : MP4Box is a MP4 multiplexer
  • X264 : x264 is a free software library and application for encoding video streams into the H.264/MPEG-4 AVC format
  • Xvid :   Open-source compression codec based on MPEG-4 ISO format

 

How to Install FFMPEG Auto Installer on CentOS

Seeing as FFMPEG Auto Installer do not give clear instructions on how to install their packages I have produced a easy guide which hopefully should be of some use to server admins and novices alike.

Firstly SSH into your server.

Now run the following commands:

mkdir ~/ffmpeg-packages 
cd ~/ffmpeg-packages 
wget http://mirror.ffmpeginstaller.com/old/scripts/ffmpeg7/ffmpeginstaller.8.0.tar.gz 
tar -xvzf ffmpeginstaller.8.0.tar.gz
cd ffmpeginstaller.8.0

Im using version ffmpeginstaller.8.0 for this installation, make sure you edit your command to coincide with the current package.

Next run the install command:

./install.sh

That’s it.