Fractal Compression

Fractal Compression – the holy grail of compression particularly on video compression, its resolution independent meaning as you scale it at higher resolutions the quality will not degrade this is like vectors but due to vectors not good at showing real or life like images then raster (or bitmap) images are still the one being widely use today, but that can change when fractal video compression becomes possible for everyday use

source: http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/1.05/fractal.html