This tutorial describes that how to configure the OpenVPN Server in CentOS 6.4 and clients in Windows XP/7.
I am taking the scenario of SOHO network, which is protected by Firewall, we’ll implement the OpenVPN on internal CentOS 6.4 server to access the internal SOHO network (Server and PCs) through the internet from anywhere securely.
Before starting this tutorial, we need to install the RPMforge and EPEL repositories:
wget http://packages.sw.be/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el6.rf.x86_64.rpm rpm --import http://apt.sw.be/RPM-GPG-KEY.dag.txt rpm -K rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el6.rf.*.rpm rpm -i rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el6.rf.*.rpm yum repolist
wget http://ftp.riken.jp/Linux/fedora/epel/RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-6 wget http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm rpm --import RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-6 rpm -ivh epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm yum repolist
OpenVPN Server Installation:
Install the openvpn package using the following command:
yum install openvpn easy-rsa
Make the openvpn service to start automatically on boot:
chkconfig openvpn on
Make an easy-rsa/keys directory inside /etc/openvpn:
mkdir -p /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/keys
Copy the default easy-rsa into /etc/openvpn for setting up Certificate Authority (CA), certificates and keys generation for OpenVPN server and clients:
cp -rf /usr/share/easy-rsa/2.0/* /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa
cd /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/ vi vars
Edit these parameters according to your need:
export KEY_COUNTRY="US" export KEY_PROVINCE="NC" export KEY_CITY="Winston-Salem" export KEY_ORG="Example Company" export KEY_EMAIL="email@example.com"
Move to the /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/ and enter these commands:
cd /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/ cp openssl-1.0.0.cnf openssl.cnf source vars ./clean-all
Now, generate the CA certificate and key:
Next, generate a server certificate and private key:
For OpenVPN server,Diffie Hellman parameters are must:
Copy all the certificates and keys into /etc/openvpn/ from /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/key/ subdirecotory:
cd keys/ cp ca.crt tendo.crt tendo.key dh1024.pem /etc/openvpn/
Create a /etc/openvpn/server.conf file and enter the certificates and keys information that we have created above:
Here is my server.conf file as an example, you can change it according to your requirement:
port 1194 proto udp dev tun ca ca.crt cert tendo.crt key tendo.key # This file should be kept secret dh dh1024.pem #VPN subnet for OpenVPN to draw client addresses from. server 172.16.10.0 255.255.255.0 ifconfig-pool-persist ipp.txt #Push routes to the client to allow it to reach other #private subnets behind the server. push "route 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.0" #If you want that all of your Internet traffic pass #through the VPN server then enable this ;push "redirect-gateway def1 bypass-dhcp" # For name resolution, enable this ;push "dhcp-option DNS 10.10.10.254" client-to-client keepalive 10 120 comp-lzo max-clients 10 persist-key persist-tun status openvpn-status.log verb 5 mute 20
Now, start the OpenVPN server:
service openvpn start
VPN client also need a certificate to authenticate itself to the server. Using the root user, create the different certificate for each client:
cd /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/ ./build-key rblaptop
Copy these files to the client machine using winscp or any other method:
1) /etc/openvpn/ca.crt 2) /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/keys/rblaptop.crt 3) /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/keys/rblaptop.key
Your files name will be differ, so adjust them as per your need.
OpenVPN Client Configuration on Windows Machine:
Download free OpenVPN client for windows from here, and install it. Below is the step by step procedure to configure this OpenVPN client in order to connect to the OpenVPN server that we have configured above:
Check the routing table on client machine:
Ping to the OpenVPN internal ip:
For internal host, the ping will be failed because internal host doesn’t know about this vpn pool. To overcome this problem, we need to configure NAT on OpenVPN server:
Edit the /etc/sysctl.conf file:
Enable IP forwarding by changing “net.ipv4.ip_forward” line to 1:
Create an iptables rule to allow the proper routing of VPN subnet.
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 172.16.10.0/24 -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE service iptables save service iptables restart
Reboot the server or issue this command to load the change:
Ping to the internal host again:
Hope this will help you!
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